RELATIVE CLAUSE: CÁC LOẠI MỆNH ĐỀ, BÀI TẬP VÍ DỤ CHI TIẾT

     

Trong công tác học môn giờ đồng hồ Anh lớp 9, mệnh đề quan tiền hệ là trong những điểm ngữ pháp cơ bản nhưng lại cực kì quan trọng. Đây là con kiến thức căn nguyên giúp cho các bạn cũng có thể tiếp nhận kỹ năng ở lịch trình THPT.

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I. KIẾN THỨC

Mệnh đề dục tình (Relative Clause) hay nói một cách khác là mệnh đề tính ngữ (adjectives clauses). Đây là mệnh đề phụ dùng làm thay nỗ lực hay té nghĩa cho danh từ đứng trước nó và được ban đầu bằng những đại từ dục tình (relative pronouns) như: who, which, that, whom, whose. Hay những trạng từ quan hệ nam nữ như why, where, when.

WhoThay vắt cho danh từ chỉ người, who làm chủ ngữ hoặc tân ngữ vào câu. Sau Who là 1 trong V.
WhomBổ sung cho danh từ bỏ chỉ người, Whom có tác dụng tân ngữ trong câu. Đằng sau Whom là một mệnh đề (S +V).
WhoseThay cầm cố tính từ cài đặt và sở hữu bí quyết của danh từ phía trước. Đằng sau Whose là 1 trong mệnh đề (S+V).
WhichThay thế cho những danh từ bỏ chỉ sự vật, sự việc, hiện nay tượng. Which thường thống trị ngữ hoặc tân ngữ vào câu. Sau Which hoàn toàn có thể là V hay là mệnh đề (S +V).
ThatThay cụ danh từ bỏ chỉ người, sự vật, sự việc hoặc trong phép đối chiếu nhất. That hay sửa chữa thay thế cho Who, Which, Whom ở mọi mệnh đề dục tình xác định.
WhenMệnh đề chỉ thời gian. Sau đó hoàn toàn có thể là V hoặc một mệnh đề.
WhereMệnh đề chỉ vị trí chốn. Sau đó rất có thể là V hoặc mệnh đề.

II. BÀI TẬP MỆNH ĐỀ quan lại HỆ LỚP 9

Bài 1: Chọn giải đáp đúng nhất giữa những câu sau:

1. Mr. Ken, …………. Is living next door, is a dentist.

A. That B. Who C. Whom D. What

2. The man ………….she wanted lớn see her family.

A. Which B. Where C. Whom D. Who

3. The woman ………….came here two days ago is her professor.

A. Who B. That C. Whom D. What

4. Freedom is something for ………….millions have given their lives.

A. Which B. Where C. Whom D. Who

5. Blair has passed the exam last week, ………….is great news.

A. Who B. That C. Which D. Whom

6. The film about ………….they are talking about is fantastic.

A. Who B. Which C. Whom D. That


8. I live in a pleasant room ………….the garden.

A. Lớn overlook B. Overlooking C. Overlooked D. Which overlooking

9. The pilot was the only man ………….after the crash.

A.was rescued B. Rescued C. Rescuing D. To lớn be rescued

10. I’ll see you near the post office ………….we met the other day.

A. Which B. Where C. When D. Why

11. The man…………. Lives behind my house is a doctor.

A.that B. Who C. Which D. Whom

12. The old building………….is in front of my house fell down.

A. Of which B. Which C. Whose D. Whom

13. Her computer ………….was my friend’s got broke.

A. Which B. Whom C. Who D. That

14. Her grandmother, ………….is 70, often takes exercise.

A. What B. Who C. Where D. Which

15. The really happy people are those ……enjoy their daily work

A. What B. Who C. Which D. Where

16. My girlfriend loves tokbokki, ………….is Korean food.

A. Which B. Where C. Whom D. Who

17. The book ………….is in the oto is his brother’s.

A. Who B. That C. Which D. Whom

18. Peter, ………….I played clip games with on the weekend, was younger than me.

A.that B. Who C. Which D. Whom

19. The people ………….for the bus in the rain are getting well.

A. Waiting B. Lớn wait C. Waited D. Wait

20. I have a message for people ………….by the traffic chaos.

A. Lớn delay B. Who delay C. Delayed D. Who delaying

Đáp án:

1. B2. C3. A4. A5. C6. B7. D8. B9. D10. B
11.B/D12. B13. D14. B15. B16. A17. C18. B/D19. A20. C

Bài 2: Điền vào địa điểm trống với các đại từ quan hệ: Who, Whom, Whose, Which, That, Where…

1. The men ………….lives next-door are English.

2. Bởi vì you know the girls ………….are standing outside the church?

3. The chocolate ………….you like comes from the United States.

4. A burglar is someone ………….breaks into a house and steals things.

5. I can’t find the key ………….opens this door.

6. I don’t lượt thích the boy ………….Sue is going out with.

7. The man ………….she is going khổng lồ marry is very rich.

8. He wore a mask ………….made him look lượt thích Mickey Mouse.

9. The man ………….mobile was ringing did not know what khổng lồ do.

10. The woman ………….daughter was crying tried to lớn calm her down.

11. The family ………….car was stolen last week is the Smiths.

12. A bus is a big car ………….carries lots of people.

13. Children ………….like music are often good at mathematics.

14. The girl ………….recited the poem is my niece.

15. The Pacific Ocean, ………….might have been crossed by raft during the Stone Age, is the world’s largest ocean.

16. The parents thanked the woman………….had saved their son

17. Two men, neither of ………….I had been before, came into my office.

18. He ate the food ………….no one else wanted

19. The village …………. I ran out of petrol didn’t have a petrol station

20. John sold his computer, …………. He no longer need, khổng lồ his cousin

21. The dictionary ………….you gave me is very good.

22. The police are looking for the thieve ………….got into my house last night.

23. I have lost the necklace ………….my mother gave me on my birthday.

24. Buses ………….go lớn the airport run every half hour.

25. I gave you a book ………….had many pictures.

26. Did you see the beautiful dress ………….she wore yesterday.

27. This is the bank ………….was robbed yesterday.

28. He arrived with a friend ………….waited outside in the car.

29. The car ………….the robbers escaped in was a BMW.

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30. The postman ………….works in the village is very old.

31. The cowboy ………….is wearing a red shirt looks very funny.

32. The volunteers, ………….enthusiasm was obvious, finished the work quickly.

33. The engineers ………….designed the building received an award.

34. The townspeople, ………….pride in their community is well- known, raised enough money to build a new town hall.

35. The newspaper to ………….we subscribe is delivered regularly.

36. The factory …………. Closed last week had been there for many years

37. I lượt thích the ice-cream …………. They sell in that shop

38. John has got a new smartphone phone …………. Takes photos

39. The job for …………. She has applied is in London

40. Teddy has two cars, one of …………. Is very expensive.

Đáp án:

1. Who2. Who3. Which4. That5. Which
6. Who7. Whom8. Which9. Whose10. Whose
11.whose12. Which13. Who14. Who15. Which
16. Who17. Whom18. Which19. Where20. Which
21. Which22. Who23. Which24. That25. Which
26. Which27. Which28. Who29. Which30. Who
31. Who32. Whose33. Who34. Whose35. Which
36. That37. Which38. That39. Which 40. Which

Bài 3: Sử dụng những mệnh đề quan hệ giới tính nối hai câu sau thành một câu tất cả nghĩa

1. The first boy has just moved. He knows the truth.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

2. They called a doctor. He lived nearby.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

3. The only thing is how khổng lồ go home. It make me worried.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

4. Linh liked the waiter. He was very friendly.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

5. He was Tom. I met him at the bar yesterday.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

6. Bố dropped a cup. It was new.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

7. They are looking for the man and his dog. They have lost the way in the forest.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

8. I live in a city. It is in the north of Vietnam.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

9. My wife wants you khổng lồ come to dinner. You were speaking to lớn my wife

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

10. The woman works in a hospital. She is from India.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

11. The students will be awarded the present. The students’ reports are very valuable.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

12. The man was rude. He was wearing a red shirt.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

13. The botanist will never forget the day. He found a strange plant on that day.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

14. The TV got broken. It was my grandfather’s.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

15. The man works for my father’s company. The man’s daughter is fond of dancing.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

Đáp án:

1. The first boy who knows the truth has just moved.

2. They called a doctor who lived nearby.

3. The only thing which make me worried is how to lớn go home.

4. Linh liked the waiter who was very friendly.

5. The man whom I met at the bar yesterday was Tom.

6. Tía dropped a cup which was new.

7. They’re looking for the man and his dog that have lost the way in the forest.

8. I live in a đô thị that is in the north of Vietnam.

9. My wife, whom you were speaking to, wants you to lớn come lớn dinner.

10. The woman who is from India works in a hospital.

11. The students whose report are very valuable will be awarded the present.

12. The man who was wearing a red shirt was rude.

13. The botanist will never forget the day when he found a strange plant.

14. The TV that was my grandfather’s got broken.

15. The man whose daughter is fond of dancing works for my father’s company.

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Bài 4: sử dụng who/ which/ that/ where… Đặt một câu sinh hoạt mệnh đề lắp thêm hai trong số những câu dưới đây

1. I went khổng lồ see a doctor. She had helped my father

I went to see the doctor ……………………………………………

3. Mary was wearing the red dress. It was made in France

Mary was wearing the red dress ……………………………………………

5. John is one of my closest friends. I have known him for three years

John is one of my closest friends ……………………………………………

7. Ann talked to a man. He won a lot of money

Ann talked to lớn the man……………………………………………

9. He is an architect. He designed the new thành phố library

He is the architect ……………………………………………

2. A woman wrote lớn me. She wanted my advice

The woman ……………………………………………

4. We stayed at Sofitel hotel. Mark recommended it khổng lồ us

We stayed at Sofitel hotel ……………………………………………

6. Thủ đô new york is one of the largest cities in the USA. My sister is living there

New York is one of the largest cities in the USA……………………………………………

8. The couple has got a married again. Their divorce was in the newspapers

The couple ……………………………………………

10. Jerry sent me a letter. It was very funny.

Jerry sent me the letter ……………………………………………